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Although most chili peppers are indigenous to South America, they are used and grown around the world. Hot peppers are used in abundance in Mexican, South American, Indonesian, African and Oriental cooking, while the milder peppers are common in European and North American recipes. And, peppers have been cultivated for thousands of years for their medicinal properties, known for lowering blood pressure and cholesterol, in addition to their culinary purposes.
The one thing that all chili peppers share is the common name "capsicum" (pronounced KAP-sih-kuhm). Capsicum, from the Greek kapto meaning "to bite," is the pepper genus. Capsicum, aptly described as the plant that bites back, is a common condiment in certain diets. The plant grows in warm climates and is added to many herbal formulas as a catalyst for the other herbs. Cayenne or Capsicum derives its name from the Greek, 'to bite,' in allusion to the hot pungent properties of the fruits and seeds.
Cayenne pepper was introduced into Britain from India in 1548. This species appeared in Miller's Garden Dictionary in 1771. The five big species of chili peppers are:
Capsicum annuum—including most of the common varieties like the jalapeno and bell peppers
Capsicum baccatum—including the berry-like South American chili peppers
Capsicum chinense—including the fiery habanero Capsicum frutescens—including the bushy pepper plants like tabasco
Capsicum pubescens—including the South American rocoto peppers. Other Common Names:
Aji Dulce, Cayenne, Cayenne Pepper, Chili Pepper, Chabai Achong, Filfil, Hungarian Pepper, Kirmizi Biber, La Chiao, Mexican Chili, Paprika, Peppers, Piment Doux, Pimiento, Red Pepper, Sweet Pepper, Capsicum frutescens It's red color is partly due to its high vitamin A content. Capsicum has been used for decades as a catalyst for other herbs.
Because Capsicum stimulants circulation and enhances blood flow, it is considered food for the circulatory system, a common condiment to the diet.
As a cardiovascular stimulant, Capsicum assists in lowering blood pressure and breaking down cholesterol buildup. The warming properties of Capsicum are useful for people suffering from poor circulation to the hands and feet and other related conditions.
Capsicum has been used as a digestive aid to ease intestinal inflammation, stimulate protective mucus membranes of the stomach, and also relieve pain caused by ulcers.
Capsicum is commonly used to buffer pain from other ailments, including arthritis, varicose veins, headaches, menstrual cramps and respiratory conditions such as asthma.
So, how many Scoville? Explaining the heat factors in chile peppers can be complex, but there are three tests to determine the intensity of the peppers heat.
Scoville Heat Units at Ashley Food Company In the world of hot peppers, hot sauces, extreme hot sauces and pepper extracts, Scoville Heat Units have become the standard measure of heat. Although explaining this heat factor can sometimes be complex, there are three tests to determine the actual intensity of the heat.
1. Organoleptic method — Using people to test the heat. Pharmacist Wilbur Scoville developed the Scoville Organoleptic test in 1912. The test designates a heat number based on the level of dilution required to completely dilute the heat of a chile pepper. Diluted measured amounts of chile pepper, with measured amounts of a sugar-water mix, are combined until the burning sensation is gone. Using a panel of tasters to perform this test, the Scoville heat scale is measured and created in multiples of 100 units.
2. UV Screen method In the UV Screen measurement process, a hot sauce, extreme hot sauce or pepper extract is first spread on a plate of glass. Ultraviolet Light is the passed through the sample and sensors are then used to establish a reading of the heat level.
3. HPLC – High-Performance Liquid Chromatography Measuring chile pepper heat using High-Performance Liquid Chromatography is one of the most advanced methods of pepper heat measurement. In the HPLC process, chile peppers are dried and ground. The capsaicin is then extracted and analyzed using highly sensitive lab instruments. The HPLC method provides the most accurate and rapid means of measuring heat and is also one of the most impartial.
Chile Pepper Heat Levels By Chile Chili peppers are actually fruits, or more berries like tomatoes. In most cases the smaller the pepper, the hotter it is. The pungent heat factor in chili is called capsaicin an alkaloid irritating to the skin and mucous membranes, the active ingredient of capsicum; used as a topical counterirritant and analgesic. This chemical actually survives cooking and freezing, Capsaicin is concentrated in the cell membranes and seeds of the pepper. Those areas are the most potent, and if removed, will lessen the punch. There are many different types of peppers.
Carolina Reaper up to 2,100,000
Trinidad Moruga Scorpion up to 2,000,000
Trinidad Scorpion Butch T: 1,463,700 Scoville
Bhut Jolokia: 1,001,304 Scoville
7 Pod Douglah: 800,000-1,000,000 Scoville
Red Savina Habanero: 350,000 - 580,000 Scoville
Habanero chile pepper: 100,000 - 350,000 Scoville
Scotch bonnet: 100,000 - 325,000 Scoville
Peri Peri chle pepper 100,000 - 180,000 Scoville
Thai chile pepper: 50,000 - 100,000 Scoville
Tabasco pepper: 30,000 - 50,000 Scoville
Serrano pepper: 5,000 - 23,000 Scoville
Jalapeno Pepper: 2,500 - 8,000 Scoville
Cayenne pepper: 3,000 - 5,000 Scoville
Ancho chile pepper: 1,000 - 2,000 Scoville
Poblano chile pepper: 1,000 - 2,000 Scoville
Anaheim chile pepper: 500 - 1,000 Scoville
Santa Fe Grande chile pepper: 500 - 700 Scoville
What Makes Hot Pepper Sauces So Hot?
What separates a green bell pepper from a jalapeno? As you know, it’s a little more than size. Unless, of course, you’re talking about the size of the kick that comes with it. That’s exactly what separates a habanero from a ghost chili too. Different peppers have different levels of capsaicin, and it’s this compound that makes hot peppers, and hot pepper sauces so ridiculously hot.
What Is Capsaicin?
At the heart of all hot pepper sauces is a compound known as capsaicin. This substance is odorless and, therefore, tasteless. But, you know it when you touch it - that’s for certain. Some peppers have a lot of it, and some have almost none at all. And green bell peppers have absolutely no capsaicin running through their veins. The more capsaicin though, the hotter the pepper will be and so too will any hot pepper sauces made from them.
Capsaicin is part of the chemical makeup of the flesh of peppers. Many people believe capsaicin in found in the seeds of hot peppers, but this isn’t true. Hot pepper seeds really don’t have any bite to them, but they do spend plenty of time mingling with capsaicin laden oils.
Why Do Hot Pepper Sauces Burn So Badly?
If you’ve ever accidentally added a bit too much of your favorite hot pepper sauce to your food, there’s a chance it drove you to tears – or to hop around the room a little foolishly. Your mouth would have felt like it was on fire, and there’s even a chance that you had to rationalize with yourself a bit. Nah, this can’t kill me, can it?
The answer to that is probably not. There are a few people that may be allergic to the capsaicin found in hot pepper sauces, but if you’re a fan of these sauces normally, then that’s not you. Hot pepper sauces also don’t burn in the traditional sense of the word. They don’t light your mouth on fire (except figuratively), and they don’t carry chemical burn capabilities either. Instead, the capsaicin found in hot pepper sauces triggers the pain receptors in the mucous membranes of your mouth (or your hand if you weren’t careful). These receptors send signals to your brain that you’re body is being injured (even though you really aren’t), and your brain messes the translation a bit and believes that you’re burning. Fortunately (unless you are allergic to capsaicin), a few mental gymnastics should help you through the pain.
How Is Capsaicin Measured?
About a century ago, a man by the name of Wilbur Scoville wondered the same thing. Of course, he was interested in the heat of chilies, not hot pepper sauces because they didn’t really exist back then. He devised a method of extracting and measuring the capsaicin from chili peppers. His method was not exactly accurate as he used human test subjects to determine how many heat units it had.
Today, we have a more precise method of measuring the heat of super hot sauces, but we still call it the Scoville Scale. At the top of this scale is pure capsaicin which carries 16 million Scoville Heat Units (SHU). On the other end are green peppers that have 0 SHU. Hot pepper sauces, usually, fall between 5,000 and 900,000 SHU. It’s a big difference, but there are plenty of divisions within that. For example, Tabasco only has 5,000 SHU, but chili heads don’t even consider this to be a hot pepper sauce. The super hot pepper sauces fall between 90,000 to 900,000 SHU. Around 1 million SHU, it’s too hot to be a condiment, but that doesn’t mean you cannot get your hands on hotter doses of capsaicin. It’s just that rather than buying a hot pepper sauce, you’ll get a pepper extract.
So, now that you know exactly what makes hot pepper sauces so unfathomably hot, isn’t it time you got your hands on some. After all, there’s an incredible rush that goes with all that beautiful, burning pain.
A Few Tricks You Can Use to Increase Metabolism
Metabolism has turned into an all-purpose catch phrase. It’s used to explain away an expanding belly as much as it is sluggish bowel movements and a resistance to training at the gym. As a result, everyone is looking for a way to increase metabolism. And, while there are ways to make that happen (and we’ve got some of the best ideas here), there are a few things that you need to know before you kick off whatever plan you have to increase metabolism.
For a start, metabolism is the amount of calories you burn in a day to cover all the basic life functions. And, it is important to understand this. Cardio exercise may burn calories, but it doesn’t necessarily increase your metabolism. Well, it will eventually and here’s why.
Although there are any number of factors that influence your metabolism, these are the big three:
- Your age (the older you are, the slower your metabolic rate)
- Your gender (men tend to have faster metabolisms)
- The amount of lean muscle that you have.
So, eventually, if you run until you have more muscle than fat, you will see that your metabolic rate has increased. And, if that doesn’t appeal to you, perhaps you will want to try these great tips to increase metabolism.
Eat More Lean Protein – Lean meats like chicken and turkey are a great addition to the veggies you know you should be eating. These meats have a high thermic effect which is a fancy way of saying that your body burns more calories to digest this food than it does other foods such as fats and carbs. And, there is at least study that claims that high-protein diets can increase metabolism by as much as 40%.
Stop Skipping Meals – Here is the deal, when you stop eating your metabolism slows. When there is food in your belly, your body works incessantly to break it into smaller pieces. That obviously burns more calories. The catch is that you need to eat every three to four hours – preferably healthy snacks and meals.
Drink More Water – Unbelievably, this can increase metabolism by up to 30%. That’s because your body needs water to process calories. If you’re dehydrated, your body can’t do its job. Even if you’re a little dehydrated, your metabolism slows.
Live Life to the Hottest – We’re not saying this because we create killer hot sauces. Promise. Capsaicin, the active ingredient in chili peppers (and Mad Dog hot sauces and pepper extracts) can increase metabolism by about 23%. Now, that is a temporary effect, but sometimes it’s the boost that you need to get a jump on that belly fat. Incredible, right? And, capsaicin can help cut your cravings for food too. That’s a big deal if you’re battling your bathroom scale.
And now that you know what you need to do to increase metabolism what are you going to do about it? For a start, we recommend that you grab a glass of water while you plan a couple days worth of healthy snacks and meals. And then, we suggest topping up your supply of Mad Dog hot sauces. We promise that Mad Dog goes perfectly with chicken... and a new thinner you!
So Many Reasons to Live Life to the Hottest
"Live life to the hottest" isn’t just a catchphrase; it’s truly a motto to live by. That’s because super hot sauces can actually prolong your life and assist you with fantastic health while you do that. Okay, we do need to be clear, super hot sauces like Mad Dog aren’t a magic potion, but they do have a remarkable ingredient called capsaicin. This is the stuff that gives chili peppers their burn. This baby is more than hot - it’s a healer! The more of it you get, the better it is for you. It’s not just about living life with a dash of fire; it’s truly about living life to the hottest. Here’s why.
Headaches, Chronic Pains and Colds – to the uninitiated, it may seem as though these things have absolutely nothing in common. And realistically, they don’t. Except that capsaicin is known to cure or alleviate the symptoms of these conditions. Yep, the more super hot sauce you consume, the less likely you are to experience these issues – even if you’ve been a sufferer in the past. If you suffer from chronic migraines or cluster headaches, there is a topical capsaicin treatment that you can buy, but we suggest tucking into your favorite super hot sauces first.
Weight Loss – looking to shed a few pounds? The capsaicin in super hot sauces may be your new best friend! We’re not saying that lightly. We know it to be true. That’s because capsaicin found in any bottle of Mad Dog hot sauce offers a multitude of weight loss benefits. For starters, capsaicin acts like fat insomuch that it tells your brain that you are full earlier. It also has thermogenic properties that mean that your body will work to transform some of the calories you consumed into heat before they even reach your belly. Plus, capsaicin also raises your metabolism temporarily so you’ll burn more of the energy already stored in your body. Now, that’s a good reason to live life to the hottest, isn’t it?
The Serious Killers – we all know there are a few health issues that you never want to develop. This includes diseases like cancer and diabetes, as well as heart disease that triggers heart attacks. You wouldn’t suspect it, but it looks like capsaicin may be a natural cure for all of these troubles. There are laboratory tests happening across the US and across he globe that are promising some incredible results. This is all based on earlier research which shows that capsaicin can stop a heart attack in progress, reverses Type I Diabetes and causes cancer cells to commit suicide. That’s pretty impressive for the ingredient that gives chili peppers and super hot sauces their heat, isn’t it?
If that isn’t enough of a reason to live life to the hottest, then you may just want to consider that super hot sauces provide you with a completely natural high. Our bodies respond to the burning pain we feel with the release of endorphins. That means that you won’t be able to love hot sauces until you experience that burn! And then, you’ll be ready to live life to the hottest. We’d like to suggest starting today with a bottle of Mad Dog 357 Hot Sauce. Or, if you’re not sure what kind of heat you can stand, pick up the Magnificent Seven pack… it’ll give you plenty of ways to live life to the hottest.
Losing Weight with Super Hot Sauces
Plenty of restaurants are adding hot sauces to their menus. You may have noticed that more of these items cropping up at your favorite establishments. You may even be a bit baffled by this new, tasty trend. But, you shouldn’t be confused by it; after all, super hot sauces have the power to help you lose weight – and more quickly at that. Here’s how:
Thermogenesis – this is a fancy term for the conversion of food into heat. Of course, our bodies do this all the time as we transform stored carbohydrates and fats into fuel. What’s so special about super hot sauce induced thermogenesis then? It works in your mouth to convert food into heat. As you consume a hot sauce laden meal, more of it is transformed into heat before it even reaches your belly.
Increased Metabolism – our metabolism dictates how quickly we process the food stored in our bodies into fuel. The higher the metabolic rate, the faster you burn through stored fats in your body. And, when you consume super hot sauces, you give your metabolism a boost. And, this lasts for several hours. So, even if all you do after eating a super hot sauce laden meal is sleep, you’ll still burn more calories doing it. (But, if you hit the gym, you’ll burn even more.)
Cutting the Cravings - super hot sauces, like Mad Dog 357 Silver Collector’s Edition, have a lot of capsaicin tucked inside every bottle. And, strangely enough, capsaicin triggers the same neuronal pathways as fat does. That may seem trivial, but it means that you’ll feel fuller faster as your brain believes that you’ve had enough. This is pretty incredible when you think about it. Plus, it means that you’ll eat less at your current meal – and subsequent meals too. That can make a big difference when you’re trying to cut calories and lose weight.
Motivation – you can’t lose weight without a little self-motivation. Actually, you need a lot of it. And, it seems that super hot sauces provide the attitude adjustment that you need. Whenever you eat plenty of capsaicin, your brain responds by releasing endorphins. These are the feel good sensations that increase your natural happiness and keep you motivated throughout the day.
So, if you’re trying to lose a little bit of weight (or perhaps a lot of it), you may want to try some super hot sauce today. It could just be the one thing the gets you on track and keeps you there. Plus, there aren’t any side effects. Well, unless you count relief from headaches and the possibility of staving off cancer and diabetes. But those are positive side effects that everyone wants. So, why not crack open a bottle of super hot sauce. We suggest Mad Dog Silver Collector’s Edition or the Mad Dog Pure Ghost Hot Sauce – they’re both rich with capsaicin and all the flavor you’d expect to go with it.
Can Hot Sauce Make You Sexier?
Don’t laugh at the title… hot sauces can actually make you sexier. Obviously, you become immediately more attractive as soon as you pull a bottle of 357 Mad Dog out of your pocket. Everyone knows that.
All jokes aside, hot sauces may just have the power to create a sexier new you. Capsaicin, the compound found in chilies that gives hot sauce its heat, comes with plenty of benefits. And, most of these are going to make you one of the most attractive people you’ve ever known.
Chilies Can Raise Your Libido – Spicy foods, in general, are known to increase a person’s sex drive and increase their libido. And, capsaicin also triggers natural feelings of happiness. So, not only are you likely to perform better in bed, you may even enjoy it a little more. Wow, there is clearly nothing more sensual than that is there? If just a little spice can do all that, then you may as well go all the way by getting the hottest hot sauces you can get your hands on, like the 357 Mad Dog Silver Collector’s Edition.
Capsaicin Is Great for Your Heart – Okay, it’s good for the physical thump-thumping of your heart, not your metaphorically emotional heart, but who says these are mutually exclusive? Capsaicin has been shown to stimulate the healthy flow of blood through your system. It also works to strengthen your arteries that may even reduce your chance of a heart attack. Just add a few drops of 357 Mad Dog Ghost Pepper to every meal and watch as you’re suddenly able to increase your stamina. And that’s pretty darn sexy.
Hot Sauce May Deter Ulcers – It’s a strange old wives tale that chilies and hot sauces can give you ulcers because of their heat. In fact, the exact opposite may actually be true. Chili peppers are used to treat peptic ulcers in Ayurvedic therapies. They also slow the growth of H.pylori, which is a bacterium that causes some types of ulcers. While that may not sound remarkably sexy, just think of the converse – are stomach pains and ulcers ever attractive? And do they ever make you feel confident and attractive? We think not.
Capsaicin Stimulates Weight Loss – Not everyone has a few pounds they want to shed, but everyone has the desire to reach and maintain a healthy weight. Sauces like 357 Mad Dog Scorpion sand pepper extracts like the 357 Mad Dog Revenge Habanero and Pepper Extract may just help you achieve that exactly. Consuming these sauces stimulates a thermogenic process that immediately transforms some of the food you eat into heat. Capsaicin is also known to increase your metabolism and to reduce cravings. If you have a bit of extra weight, then chilies can make you look and feel sexier than ever.
The Hottest Hot Sauces May Prevent Cancer – Laboratory tests have demonstrated that doses of capsaicin have caused prostate cancer cells to commit suicide – without any adverse effects on the healthy cells next to them. Scientists are continuing to research the healing powers of capsaicin, but you should do anything you can to prevent the big C from infecting your body. After all, there is nothing sexier than a long and healthy life. So, get yourself a bottle of Mad Dog and use it liberally – you won’t be sorry.
What Is Capsaicin and How Is It Used in Research?
Capsaicin is an odorless, tasteless compound found in the flesh of chili peppers. You’d know if it was present in any other foods, and you can get a fair idea how much of it there is in hot chili sauces, because it’s the chemical that gives chili peppers their burning, stinging, fiery sensation. The more capsaicin a chili pepper has, the hotter it registers on the Scoville Scale.
And, capsaicin isn’t just useful for creating decidedly hot chili sauces, the unique way this compound interacts with our systems has provided humans all kinds of health benefits too. Capsaicin salves are available in pharmacies to help deal with extreme headaches, not to mention other aches and pains. Preliminary tests and findings suggest that capsaicin may hold the key to treating many different diseases.
Reports have flooded the media for a few years about the effect capsaicin has on cancer cells, especially prostate cancers. When capsaicin interacts with cancerous cells in the body, it causes apoptosis, which essentially means that it causes these cells to commit suicide. However, capsaicin has no effect on the neighboring healthy cells. Although more research must be done, this is an incredibly promising development considering the treatments currently available.
Capsaicin Battles Small Cell Lung Cancer
Recently, Pivali Dasgupta, Ph.D., a scientist at Marshall University presented the findings of his team at the American Institute for Cancer Research (AICR) Annual Research Conference. Capsaicin was in the spotlight for the effect it has on small cell lung cancer. According to Dr Dasgupta’s research, when capsaicin interacts with lung cancer tissue it has two effects.
For a start, capsaicin causes cancerous cell apoptosis as has been seen in other laboratory tests. But, it also appears to inhibit the growth of tumors in the first place. Dr Dasgupta chose to work with this particular type of cancer because it had never been tested with capsaicin in the past. Apparently, this normally fast-growing was just waiting for this interaction. And, this is pretty incredible, but the best news is still coming.
Capsaicin Does It Again! Slowing Lung Cancer Growth
Every day, somewhere in the world, researchers are working with capsaicin in a laboratory setting. These clinical studies may not be as fun as crafting a new, intensely flavored hot chili sauce, but scientists are doing something more important. They’re on a mission to save lives. And although every different research project focuses on a different aspect of the human body and the conditions that affect it, cancer research gets a lot of game time. And so it should.
This time, capsaicin is in the news for slowing the growth of lung cancer tumors. And, this research is undeniably important. In fact, even if you haven’t been affected by cancer in the past, you’ll want to pay attention to this. It reveals something phenomenal about capsaicin that you truly must know.
A Drum Roll Please… For Some Exciting News
According to the findings presented at the conference, the tests were conducted with laboratory animals. These animals were already immune-impaired and then subjected to induced tumor growth. And, the laboratory animals that were given capsaicin were not injected with it; they ingested it – just as we would do with a delicious chili pepper or hot chili sauce.
The resulting research shows that these animals consumed chilies with a hotness equivalent to New Mexican peppers. And this is truly important because it shows that consuming capsaicin can contribute to slowed tumor growth – and the natural apoptosis of existing cancerous cells.
How incredible is that?
And now that you know, isn’t it time you developed a burning love for hot chili sauce? If could just save your life one day… and in the meantime, it’ll give you a wild rush.